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VMware Command Cheat Sheet

February 27, 2012 Leave a comment Go to comments
esxcfg-advcfg Set/Get Advance Configuration Parameters (Stored in /etc/vmware/esx.conf)
esxcfg-auth Configure authentication (ADS, NIS, Kerberos)
esxcfg-boot Configure Boot-Options
esxcfg-configcheck Checks format of /etc/vmware/esx.conf (e.g. Used after esx-updates)
esxcfg-dumppart Configure partition for core-dumps after PSOD
esxcfg-firewall Configure ESX-server firewall
esxcfg-hwiscsi Configure hardware iSCSI initiators
esxcfg-info Get information about hardware, resources, storage, … of the ESX-Server
esxcfg-init Used Internally on boot
esxcfg-linuxnet Setup/Remove linux network devices (ethX)
esxcfg-module Enable/Disable/ Add new/ Query VMKernal modules and set/ get parameters for them.
esxcfg-mpath Configure multipathing for Fibre-Channel and iSCSI
esxcfg-nas Configure NFS-datastores (“NFS-client”)
esxcfg-nics Configure physical nics (VmnicX).
esxcfg-pciid Recreate PCI-device list /etc/vmware/{pci.ids, pcitable, pcitable.linux, vmware-device.map } from the configuration files /etc/vmware/pciid/*.xml
esxcfg-rescan Rescan a SCSI/FC/iSCSI adapter.
esxcfg-resgrp Configure resource groups
esxcfg-route Configure the VMKernel default route
esxcfg-swiscsi Configure /Rescan software iSCSI initiator
esxcfg-upgrade Used for upgrades from ESX2.x to ESX3
esxcfg-vmhbadevs Get information about attached LUNs with /dev/sdX/mappings
esxcfg-vmknic Add /Remove /Configure VMKernel NICs.
esxcfg-vswif Add/Remove/Configure ServiceConsole NICs
esxcfg-vswitch Add/Remove/Configure Virtual Switches


Diagnostic information about Console NICs (Gives Errors in ESX-3.5.0)


Live Statistics of Virtual Machines (with VM-Names)
esxupdate Tool for updating ESX-3.x
Vmware-authd For internal use only (authentication)
Vmware-cmd See vmware-cmd section
vmware-configcheck Check Virtual Machine configuration files (*.vmx)
vmware-config.pl Configure ESX-hostd port, recompile/install VMware VmPerl Scripting API
vmware-hostd Demon for VI Client connections (should only be

started by mgmt-vmware start-script)

vmware-hostd-support Creates /var/log/vmware/hostd-support.tgz
vmware-mkinitrd Creates initrd (initial ramdisk)
vmware-vim-cmd Please see vmware-vim-cmd section
vmware-vimdump Get information about ESX-Server configuration and Virtual Machines.
vmware-vimsh Interactive shell – comparable to vmware-vim-cmd with additional commands
vmware-watchdog Watchdog-Demon to keep vmware-hostd running

(should only be started by mgmt-vmware start-script)

vmware-webAccess WebAccess-Demon for browser based management (should only be started by

vmware-webAccess start-script)

vmfsqhtool Prints UUID of a device header
vmfsqueuetool Formats all partitions in vmfs queue
vmkchdev Manage PCI devices (give control over the device to VMKernel or Service Console)
vmkdump Manage VMKernel dump partition
vmkerrcode Give description of VMKernel error codes base on decimal or hex value
vmkfstools Create/Remove/Configure VMFS-Filesystems and Virtual Machine .vdsk files (Virtual Disk File)
vmkiscsid iSCSI demon
vmkiscsi-device iSCSI device information
vmkiscsi-ls List iSCSI devices
vmkiscsi-tool Configure software iSCSI initiator
vmkiscsi-util Get information about iSCSI devices
vmkloader Load and unloads the VMKernel
vmkload mod Load/Unload VMKernel modules (e.g. device drivers)
vmklogger Create logmessages (like logger for VMKernel


vmkpcidivy deprecated
vmkping Ping on VMKernel network
vmkuptime.pl Creates HTML output with Uptime/Downtime/Availability
vmres.pl deprecated
vmsnap all Snapshot all Virtual Machines on a ESX-Server
vmsnap.pl deprecated
vmstat (this is a standard linux command – lists memory/disk access statistics)
vm-support Creates /etc/init.d/esx-<date>.tgz
vmware internal use – can not be started manually
Other Commands
vdf Show free disk space of mounted partitions (like df with vmfs-support)
Scripts inside /etc/init.d/
mgmt-vmware Start/Stop/Restart the demon for the VI-Client connections
vmkhalt internal use – can not be started manually
vmware internal use – can not be started manually
vmware-functions internal use – can not be started manually
vmware-late internal use – can not be started manually
vmware-vmkauthd internal use – can not be started manually
vmware-vpxa Start/Stop/Restart the demon for the Virtual Center connections
vmware-webAccess Start/Stop/Restart the demon for the Web-Interface connections
Running Processes
crond Schedule jobs at specific intervals
gpm Mouse support in the text console
init First process which runs every other process
klogd Kernel log demon
logger Logs messages to /var/log
sshd Provides secure shell access
syslogd Log/Filter demon with a remote logging ability
vmware-hostd Demon for VI Client connections
vmkload app Loads vmware applications (internal use only)
vmklogger Logs VMKernel messages to /var/log/vmware


Web Services Management
vmware-vmkauthd Demon for user authentication
vmware-vmx Provides context for a Virtual Machine (internal use only)
vmware-watchdog Checks if vmware processes are running (no connection test à does not restart hung


vpxa Virtual Center agent
webAccess Web-Interface (TomCat-Server)
xinetd Listen on network ports for other demons and start them on-demand
vmware-cmd Commands
Commands for a Virtual Machines (vmware-cmd -h).
getconnectedusers List name and IP of connected users (non-working with esx3.5.0?)
getstate Show current state of VM (Ofi/On/…)
start Start a VM
stop Stop a VM
reset Reset a VM
suspend Suspend a VM
setconfig Set a variable in the vmx-configuration-file
getconfig Get a variable from the vmx-file
setguestinfo Set guest info variable
getguestinfo Get guest info variable
getproductinfo Get various product info
connectdevice Connect a device
disconnectdevice Disconnect a device
getconfigfile Get path/filename of config file
getheartbeat Get current heartbeat
gettoolslastactive Time since last notification from vmware-tools (in seconds)
getresource Get a VM resource
setresource Set a VM resource
hassnapshot Determine if VM has a snap-shot
createsnapshot Create a snapshot
revertsnapshot Revert to last snapshot
removesnapshots Remove all snapshots
answer Answer a question (if VM requires input)
vmware-vim-cmd Commands
hostsvc/ ESX-Server commands
internalsvc/ ESX-Server internal com-


proxysvc/ Web-SDK proxy commands
vimsvc/ VirtualCenter commands
vmsvc/ VM commands
Log Files
Logs are in /var/log/vmware/ if no other path is specified)
/etc/syslog.conf Configure logging behaviour
esxcfg-boot.log Boot messages
esxcfg-firewall.log List of executed firewall commands and log messages
esxcfg-linuxnet.log LinuxNet messages
esxupdate.log Debug messages for updates
hostd.log hostd messages
vpx-iupgrade.log Logs for package installations/removals by

Virtual Center (e.g. output of rpm –hiv VMware-vpxa-2.5.0-64192.i386.rpm)

vpx/vpxa.log Virtual Center Agent messages
vmfsqueuetool.log VMFSQueueTool messages
webAccess Web-Access messages
/proc/vmware/log VMKernel messages
/var/log/ storage-Monitor VMKernel storage monitor messages
/var/log/ vmkernel VMKernel messages (info messages only)
/var/log/ vmkproxy VMKernel userworld proxy messages
/var/log/ vmk-summary VMKernel messages (notice and higher)

/var/log/ vmk-warning VMKernel warning messages
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